How do we teach metacognition?

scott's thoughts Apr 13, 2022

We have discussed previously the usefulness of metacognition in graduate-level teaching and learning. By practicing metacognition, we become aware of the amazing amount of work our minds do. We then use our particular skills to successfully employ high-level learning when we can and seek assistance or innovation when we cannot.

To introduce metacognition to students we employ three critical steps:

  • We show students that their ability to learn is mutable;
  • We teach planning and goal-setting; and
  • We give students ample opportunities to practice monitoring their own learning and adapting that practice as necessary.

We introduce these three steps, then reinforce them to students repeatedly over the course of their PA education through the Student Success Coaching Model through:

The Student Success Model incorporates three basic methods of facilitating metacognition:

  1. Robust study skills taught at the beginning of the program and sprinkled throughout. One of the first things we do is...
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Why Do We Teach Metacognition?

scott's thoughts Apr 06, 2022

We have found that teaching metacognition methods to students allows them to self-monitor their own learning behavior, to become aware of their learning deficits and develop coping strategies, and to discover where their learning skills are strongest so they can use those skills to their maximum potential. Students learn to integrate and analyze knowledge at an advanced level.

Therefore, metacognitive teaching using mentoring, through both the classroom face-to-face interactions, and the Student Success Program, introducing students to methods of “learning to think” and “thinking to learn.” By showing students how to examine the working of their minds, we show them how to manipulate their preferences and programming to their advantage.

Those with strong metacognitive knowledge display several traits:

  • They know the limits of their own memory for a task.
  • They seek help when and where they need it
  • They frequently perform self-assessments of their knowledge to...
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Metacognition and the Student Success and Remediation Program

scott's thoughts Mar 30, 2022

Previously in our blogs, we examined the role of the student, success coach, and faculty in the Student Success Coaching Model. The improved outcomes we expect from the Student Success Coaching Model depend on all three parties fulfilling their duties in the process. When this cooperation occurs, everyone benefits from improved performance. We now begin our examination of the essential role metacognition plays in our Student Success Coaching Model

A change in basic assumptions takes place in our coaching model, in which both the faculty and students adjust their thinking about the purpose of a class and the responsibility for the class material:

  1. Material is not just covered; it is uncovered.
  2. As the educator, you may not discuss all the material that is testable.
  3. The responsibility to learn lies with the students.

Even though the responsibility for success lies ultimately on the student, the faculty/advisors have ample opportunity to create platforms in which students can not only...

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Roles in the Student Success Coaching Model: The Student

scott's thoughts Mar 23, 2022

The singular goal of the Student Success Coaching Model is a passing PANCE score. The steps we take to move students toward this goal begin before the first day of classes. We strive to improve student grades, performance, and test-taking skills throughout matriculation and the benefits reaped are exponential. Ultimately, the passing PANCE score is the prize. Potential students can check to see what percentage of your students pass the PANCE on their first try. The answer to that question can play a significant role in their decision to pursue an education with your PA program.

The idea that with the Student Success Coaching Model, we (and you!) level the playing field for students from diverse backgrounds and educational experiences to give them  their best chances to succeed in a rewarding, beneficial career is a primary focus of our efforts.

Following the needs and progress of every student is key to the Student Success Coaching Model. It monitors all students of the cohort...

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Roles in the Student Success Coaching Model: The Success Coach

scott's thoughts Mar 16, 2022

The Success Coach is a specially trained position focused specifically on moving students through the Student Success Coaching Model. In this blog, we’ll examine more thoroughly this vital role in the model’s performance. While principal PA program faculty serve as academic advisors for students, we recommend selecting two faculty members to serve as student success coaches, one for the didactic phase and the other for the clinical year. 

Train the Trainer

Our Student Success Package provides faculty training, with twelve months of follow-up supervision. After experiencing Train the Trainer, faculty will demonstrate they have:

  1. Developed skills for counseling students at risk and develop academic remediation plans
  2. Deepened their understanding of assessment-related practices defined by ARC-PA to provide modifications to remediation practices and curriculum related to assessment
  3. Developed an understanding of good practice in observing and giving feedback to students...
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Roles in the Student Success Coaching Model

scott's thoughts Mar 02, 2022

In previous blogs, we introduced the ideas behind Massey & Martin, LLC’s Student Success Coaching Model, our comprehensive array of services to ensure student success within your PA program. We developed the methodology through more than twenty years of remediation practice and advanced assessment methods, then specially designed the methodology for PA programs experiencing higher-than-desirable attrition rates and lower-than-expected academic outcomes. These methods both raise  first-time taker pass rates on the PANCE, and lower attrition rates within PA Programs. The Student Success Coaching Model uses validated assessment instruments for the end of the didactic year and summative exams for the conclusion of the program that provide strong prediction for future PANCE results.

But of course, none of this works without the participation of people. No amount of data entry or scores on a spreadsheet will save a struggling student from failing a class, a test, a...

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Student Success Coaching Model: Review of Key Elements

scott's thoughts Feb 23, 2022

In our past five blogs we have introduced various facets of incorporating a Student Success Coaching Model into your PA Program. In today’s blog, we provide a summary of all the components and working parts that make this model so effective for both avoiding PA education struggles and coping with remediation needs for PA students experiencing academic difficulties.

Programs that wish to begin practicing the Student Success Coaching Model should:

  1. Facilitate a prematriculation program. This includes identification of students requiring completion of this program prior to the first day of classes. In addition, identifying which students should complete such a program would be within the realm of the Academic Succes Coach in collaboration with the admissions process.
  2. Facilitate and oversee the test self-analysis process. All students who achieve less than 75% on an exam will be required to self - analyze his or her test. After analyzing the incorrect responses students will meet...
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The Student Success Coaching Model in the Clinical Year

scott's thoughts Feb 16, 2022

In our blogs thus far, we have focused on the value of the Student Success Coaching Model during the didactic year of a PA Program. The model doesn’t simply fade away after a student moves on to the clinical year, however. The clinical year’s challenges are different and therefore present an entirely new scope of student remediation needs.

In the transition to the clinical phase, the Student Success Coaching Model’s focus turns to skill sessions on formative independent study skills and test-taking techniques. This prepares students for summative testing and nationally standardized examinations to come: the EORE, PACKRAT and eventually, the PANCE.

Students have a limited amount of time during their clinical year but a formidable number of tests for which they must be prepared. It is essential that they understand how to manage the amount of material without burning out or being overwhelmed by stress.

Probation Mediation is an ongoing requirement. Students on...

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A Step Beyond: The Student Success Coaching Model

scott's thoughts Feb 09, 2022

In previous blogs, we have covered two forms of early intervention in PA education – pre-matriculation classes/modules and the Study Skills Development Program. These two interventions will go a long way toward curbing student difficulties by simply introducing the graduate-level skills students need to manage their studies in a rigorous PA program. While highly effective in their own right, these “ounce of prevention” methods are actually a portion of a broader concept: the Student Success Coaching Model.

All PA Programs have an advising structure providing support for students. Each individual program must reflect on whether the remediation process itself is working. Have you applied parametric analysis to student outcomes after they experienced remediation on multiple occasions? If students statistically are not performing as well as their peers, you must consider whether the process is effective.

Once the cohort begins and the didactic year is in session, even...

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Roles in the Student Success Coaching Model: The Faculty

scott's thoughts Feb 09, 2022

We begin our series of blogs on the roles of Student Success Coaching Model with the faculty of your PA program, because the process simply does not work without their investment and cooperation. The implementation of a Student Success program without the faculty’s “buy-in” is a program destined to fail. The faculty is responsible for assessing student performance, providing feedback, and engaging in overall academic advisement. We enable faculty with techniques for in-class interactions that vastly improve how students process, retain, and use the information the instructor teaches – to the benefit of all students, not just those who require remediation.

Success Coaching does not replace required course instructor and advisor meetings with students; it cannot work without those touchstone interactions. In fact, success coaching enhances the faculty/student relationship by providing a framework for making plans and following through. We expect faculty to...

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